Fatehpur District is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The district covers an area of 4,152 km². The district has a population of 2,632,733 (2011 Census). Fatehpur city is the administrative headquarters of the district. Located on the banks of the sacred rivers Ganges and Yamuna, Fatehpur was mentioned in the puranic literature. The ghats of Bhitaura and Asani were described as sacred in the puranas. Bhitaura, the site of the sage Bhrigu, was an important source of learning. Fatehpur district is a part of Allahabad Division.
This district is situated between two important cities: Allahabad, which is also known as “Prayag”, and Kanpur of the state Uttar Pradesh. Fatehpur is well connected with those cities by train routes and roads. The distance from Allahabad is 117 km and from Kanpur is 76 km by railway. The north boundary of the district is limited by the river Ganges and its southern boundary is the river Yamuna.
In the Vedic era the region of this district was known as “Antardesh”, which means the fertile area between two big rivers. Later, it was known as “Madhyadesh” which means central region. The northern region of the district is influenced with “Avadhi culture”,while the southern part shows effect of the “Bundelkhand”.there were many form of arts earlier like traditional singing(kajri,chaiti,dadra,jhula,bhajan,classical music)many devotional acts form like Ramleela and many type of other dilemmas Nautanki and etc,in district late Pt.Natthu Ram vaidya served these form and music in his alive,in present his great grandson Deepak shivhare spreading the fragrance of music,by doing classical Music and playing rare instrument SARANGI,he is only the player in district who serving this instrument n music by generation.. The territory covered by the present-day Fatehpur district was part of Vatsa, which was one among sixteen mahajanapadas described in the Buddhist literature.